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Python游戏开发,pygame模块,Python实现过打地鼠小游戏

2021年11月27日2950百度已收录

前言今天给大家写一个个打地鼠小游戏,废话不多说直接开始~

效果展示

Python游戏开发,pygame模块,Python实现过打地鼠小游戏  Python游戏开发 第1张

打地鼠

开发工具Python版本: 3.6.4

相关模块:pygame模块;

以及一些Python自带的模块。

环境搭建安装Python并添加到环境变量,pip安装需要的相关模块即可。

原理简介

打地鼠的游戏规则相信大家都知道,这里就不多介绍了,反正就是不停地拿锤子打洞里钻出来的地鼠~

首先,让我们确定一下游戏中有哪些元素。打地鼠打地鼠,地鼠当然得有啦,那我们就写个地鼠的游戏精灵类:

'''地鼠'''

class Mole(pygame.sprite.Sprite): def __init__(self, image_paths, position, **kwargs): pygame.sprite.Sprite.__init__(self) self.images = [pygame.transform.scale(pygame.image.load(image_paths[0]), (101, 103)), pygame.transform.scale(pygame.image.load(image_paths[-1]), (101, 103))] self.image = self.images[0] self.rect = self.image.get_rect() self.mask = pygame.mask.from_surface(self.image) self.setPosition(position) self.is_hammer = False '''设置位置''' def setPosition(self, pos): self.rect.left, self.rect.top = pos '''设置被击中''' def setBeHammered(self): self.is_hammer = True '''显示在屏幕上''' def draw(self, screen): if self.is_hammer: self.image = self.images[1] screen.blit(self.image, self.rect) '''重置''' def reset(self): self.image = self.images[0] self.is_hammer = False

显然,地鼠有被锤子击中和未被锤子击中这两种状态,所以需要加载两张图,当地鼠被击中时从未被击中的地鼠状态图切换到被击中后的地鼠状态图(ps:图可能不像地鼠)。

然后我们再来定义一下锤子这个游戏精灵类,和地鼠类似,锤子也有未锤下去和已锤下去两种状态,只不过锤下去之后需要迅速恢复回未锤下去的状态,具体而言,代码实现如下:

class Hammer(pygame.sprite.Sprite): def __init__(self, image_paths, position, **kwargs): pygame.sprite.Sprite.__init__(self) self.images = [pygame.image.load(image_paths[0]), pygame.image.load(image_paths[1])] self.image = self.images[0] self.rect = self.image.get_rect() self.mask = pygame.mask.from_surface(self.images[1]) self.rect.left, self.rect.top = position # 用于显示锤击时的特效 self.hammer_count = 0 self.hammer_last_time = 4 self.is_hammering = False '''设置位置''' def setPosition(self, pos): self.rect.centerx, self.rect.centery = pos '''设置hammering''' def setHammering(self): self.is_hammering = True '''显示在屏幕上''' def draw(self, screen): if self.is_hammering: self.image = self.images[1] self.hammer_count += 1 if self.hammer_count > self.hammer_last_time: self.is_hammering = False self.hammer_count = 0 else: self.image = self.images[0] screen.blit(self.image, self.rect)

OK,定义完游戏精灵之后,我们就可以开始写主程序啦。首先自然是游戏初始化:

'''游戏初始化'''

def initGame(): pygame.init() pygame.mixer.init() screen = pygame.display.set_mode(cfg.SCREENSIZE) pygame.display.set_caption('Whac A Mole-微信公众号:Charles的皮卡丘') return screen

然后加载必要的游戏素材和定义必要的游戏变量

# 加载背景音乐和其他音效 pygame.mixer.music.load(cfg.BGM_PATH) pygame.mixer.music.play(-1) audios = { 'count_down': pygame.mixer.Sound(cfg.COUNT_DOWN_SOUND_PATH), 'hammering': pygame.mixer.Sound(cfg.HAMMERING_SOUND_PATH) } # 加载字体 font = pygame.font.Font(cfg.FONT_PATH, 40) # 加载背景图片 bg_img = pygame.image.load(cfg.GAME_BG_IMAGEPATH) # 开始界面 startInterface(screen, cfg.GAME_BEGIN_IMAGEPATHS) # 地鼠改变位置的计时 hole_pos = random.choice(cfg.HOLE_POSITIONS) change_hole_event = pygame.USEREVENT pygame.time.set_timer(change_hole_event, 800) # 地鼠 mole = Mole(cfg.MOLE_IMAGEPATHS, hole_pos) # 锤子 hammer = Hammer(cfg.HAMMER_IMAGEPATHS, (500, 250)) # 时钟 clock = pygame.time.Clock() # 分数 your_score = 0接着就是游戏主循环啦:

# 游戏主循环while True: # --游戏时间为60s time_remain = round((61000 - pygame.time.get_ticks()) / 1000.) # --游戏时间减少, 地鼠变位置速度变快 if time_remain == 40: pygame.time.set_timer(change_hole_event, 650) elif time_remain == 20: pygame.time.set_timer(change_hole_event, 500) # --倒计时音效 if time_remain == 10: audios['count_down'].play() # --游戏结束 if time_remain < 0: break count_down_text = font.render('Time: '+str(time_remain), True, cfg.WHITE) # --按键检测 for event in pygame.event.get(): if event.type == pygame.QUIT: pygame.quit() sys.exit() elif event.type == pygame.MOUSEMOTION: hammer.setPosition(pygame.mouse.get_pos()) elif event.type == pygame.MOUSEBUTTONDOWN: if event.button == 1: hammer.setHammering() elif event.type == change_hole_event: hole_pos = random.choice(cfg.HOLE_POSITIONS) mole.reset() mole.setPosition(hole_pos) # --碰撞检测 if hammer.is_hammering and not mole.is_hammer: is_hammer = pygame.sprite.collide_mask(hammer, mole) if is_hammer: audios['hammering'].play() mole.setBeHammered() your_score += 10 # --分数 your_score_text = font.render('Score: '+str(your_score), True, cfg.BROWN) # --绑定必要的游戏元素到屏幕(注意顺序) screen.blit(bg_img, (0, 0)) screen.blit(count_down_text, (875, 8)) screen.blit(your_score_text, (800, 430)) mole.draw(screen) hammer.draw(screen) # --更新 pygame.display.flip() clock.tick(60)

每一部分我也都做了注释,逻辑很简单,就不多废话了。60s后,游戏结束,我们就可以统计分数以及和历史最高分做对比了:

# 读取最佳分数(try块避免第一次游戏无.rec文件)

try: best_score = int(open(cfg.RECORD_PATH).read())except: best_score = 0# 若当前分数大于最佳分数则更新最佳分数if your_score > best_score: f = open(cfg.RECORD_PATH, 'w') f.write(str(your_score)) f.close()为了使游戏看起来更“正式”,再随手添个开始界面和结束界面呗:'''游戏开始界面'''def startInterface(screen, begin_image_paths): begin_images = [pygame.image.load(begin_image_paths[0]), pygame.image.load(begin_image_paths[1])] begin_image = begin_images[0] while True: for event in pygame.event.get(): if event.type == pygame.QUIT: pygame.quit() sys.exit() elif event.type == pygame.MOUSEMOTION: mouse_pos = pygame.mouse.get_pos() if mouse_pos[0] in list(range(419, 574)) and mouse_pos[1] in list(range(374, 416)): begin_image = begin_images[1] else: begin_image = begin_images[0] elif event.type == pygame.MOUSEBUTTONDOWN: if event.button == 1 and mouse_pos[0] in list(range(419, 574)) and mouse_pos[1] in list(range(374, 416)): return True screen.blit(begin_image, (0, 0)) pygame.display.update()'''结束界面'''def endInterface(screen, end_image_path, again_image_paths, score_info, font_path, font_colors, screensize): end_image = pygame.image.load(end_image_path) again_images = [pygame.image.load(again_image_paths[0]), pygame.image.load(again_image_paths[1])] again_image = again_images[0] font = pygame.font.Font(font_path, 50) your_score_text = font.render('Your Score: %s' % score_info['your_score'], True, font_colors[0]) your_score_rect = your_score_text.get_rect() your_score_rect.left, your_score_rect.top = (screensize[0] - your_score_rect.width) / 2, 215 best_score_text = font.render('Best Score: %s' % score_info['best_score'], True, font_colors[1]) best_score_rect = best_score_text.get_rect() best_score_rect.left, best_score_rect.top = (screensize[0] - best_score_rect.width) / 2, 275 while True: for event in pygame.event.get(): if event.type == pygame.QUIT: pygame.quit() sys.exit() elif event.type == pygame.MOUSEMOTION: mouse_pos = pygame.mouse.get_pos() if mouse_pos[0] in list(range(419, 574)) and mouse_pos[1] in list(range(374, 416)): again_image = again_images[1] else: again_image = again_images[0] elif event.type == pygame.MOUSEBUTTONDOWN: if event.button == 1 and mouse_pos[0] in list(range(419, 574)) and mouse_pos[1] in list(range(374, 416)): return True screen.blit(end_image, (0, 0)) screen.blit(again_image, (416, 370)) screen.blit(your_score_text, your_score_rect) screen.blit(best_score_text, best_score_rect) pygame.display.update()

文章到这里就结束了,感谢你的观看,Python24个小游戏系列,下篇文章分享联机对战的小游戏

为了感谢读者们,我想把我最近收藏的一些编程干货分享给大家,回馈每一个读者,希望能帮到你们。

完整源代码。。

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